Everything You Need to Know About Asphalt Shingles

  1. Residential Roofing
  2. Materials used
  3. Asphalt shingles

Asphalt shingles are a popular and durable roofing material used to protect homes and buildings from the elements. They are a cost-effective and low-maintenance option that can last for decades with proper care and maintenance. In this article, you'll learn everything you need to know about asphalt shingles, from the different types available to the benefits of using them. We'll also cover the maintenance involved in keeping asphalt shingles in good condition, as well as how to select the best type for your home or building. Asphalt shingles offer many advantages to homeowners looking for a reliable, affordable, and attractive roofing option.

Affordability is one of the key benefits of asphalt shingles; they are usually less expensive than other roofing materials and can be installed relatively quickly and easily.


is another advantage of asphalt shingles; when installed properly, they can last for up to 20 years with minimal maintenance. Asphalt shingles also offer fire resistance, as they are made from a combination of paper products and asphalt, which helps provide some protection from fire. Asphalt shingles are easy to install, as they require no special tools or equipment.

And, because they come in a variety of colors and styles, they provide an attractive aesthetic to any home. When it comes to the types of asphalt shingles available, there are two main types: organic and fiberglass-based. Organic shingles are made from paper products that are saturated with asphalt and then coated with mineral granules. Fiberglass-based shingles, on the other hand, are made from a fiberglass mat that is saturated with asphalt and then coated with mineral granules.

When installing asphalt shingles, it is important to make sure that they are properly sealed and that the nails are securely fastened. The nails should be placed at least 1 inch away from the edges of the shingles to ensure that they are properly sealed. It is also important to ensure that the nails are secure so that they do not pull out over time. To ensure that your asphalt shingles last for as long as possible, it is important to perform regular maintenance and inspections.

Inspections should be done regularly to look for signs of damage or wear and tear. Additionally, roofs should be cleaned periodically to prevent algae growth and moss buildup.

Types of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles come in a variety of types and styles to suit different needs. The most common types are 3-tab shingles, laminated shingles, and architectural shingles.

3-tab Shingles

3-tab shingles are the most basic and cost-effective type of asphalt shingle. They are made up of a single layer of asphalt material with three tabs that create a traditional, three-dimensional look.

They are often used on low-slope roofs and are a good choice for budget-conscious homeowners.

Laminated Shingles

Laminated shingles, also known as dimensional or architectural shingles, are thicker than 3-tab shingles and feature two layers of asphalt material. They have a raised texture that gives them a more upscale, dramatic look. Laminated shingles are more durable and longer lasting than 3-tab shingles, making them a popular choice for sloped roofs.

Architectural Shingles

Architectural shingles are similar to laminated shingles, but they have an even thicker layer of asphalt material for added durability. They also have a more distinctive textured look that can make your home stand out from the crowd.

Architectural shingles are often used on steeply sloped roofs, and they come in a variety of colors and styles.

Installation Process

Installing asphalt shingles is a relatively straightforward process. First, the existing roof must be prepared for the installation. This includes removing any old shingles, scraping away dirt, debris, and any other material that may interfere with the installation of the new shingles. Once the surface is clean and ready, a layer of roofing felt or tar paper is laid down to act as a base and help keep the new shingles in place.

Once the felt or tar paper is in place, the shingles are nailed down in rows. The first row is laid out along the edge of the roof and each successive row should overlap the one before it to ensure proper sealing and water-proofing. The rows should be staggered to add strength and stability to the roof. The final row of shingles is trimmed to fit the shape of the roof.

Once all of the shingles are in place, flashing should be installed around chimneys, skylights, and other openings on the roof. This flashing helps to prevent water from seeping into the home through these areas. Finally, a ridge cap should be installed along the peak of the roof to ensure proper sealing and waterproofing.


Asphalt shingles are a low-maintenance roofing solution, but they do require some basic care and attention to keep them looking their best. Regular inspections should be done to make sure the shingles are in good condition and to check for any damage that may have occurred.

To keep your asphalt shingles in top condition, it is important to clean them regularly and repair any damage as soon as possible. When cleaning asphalt shingles, use a soft-bristled brush and non-abrasive cleaning products. Avoid using a pressure washer, as this may damage the shingles. It is also important to avoid using harsh chemicals, as these may discolor the shingles or cause them to become brittle. If necessary, you can use a mild detergent and warm water to remove stubborn dirt and debris. It is also important to inspect your asphalt shingles regularly for any signs of wear or damage.

Common problems include cracking, curling, or blistering of the shingles. These issues can be caused by extreme temperatures, poor ventilation, or poor installation. If any of these issues are spotted, they should be repaired or replaced as soon as possible. Finally, it is important to make sure that the area surrounding your asphalt shingles is kept clear of debris. Leaves and other debris should be cleared away from the shingles to prevent mold and mildew from growing on the roof.

This will also help keep the area around the shingles ventilated, which is essential for keeping your roof in good condition.

Advantages of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles offer a variety of advantages over other types of roofing materials. They are one of the most cost-effective options available, making them an ideal choice for budget-minded homeowners. Asphalt shingles also offer excellent protection from the elements, with superior wind and fire resistance. Additionally, they are easy to install and require minimal maintenance.

Asphalt shingles are also available in a wide range of colors and styles, allowing homeowners to customize the look of their roofs. Asphalt shingles also boast excellent durability and longevity. With proper maintenance and care, asphalt shingles can last up to 30 years or more. This makes them an excellent long-term investment for homeowners who want to protect their homes from the elements without having to replace their roofs frequently. Asphalt shingles offer a great combination of affordability, durability, fire resistance, and style. They are an economical choice for homeowners as they are easy to install and require minimal maintenance.

When properly installed and maintained, asphalt shingles can last up to 20 years. Whether you’re looking for protection from the elements or a new look for your home, asphalt shingles have a lot to offer.

Lauren Wortley
Lauren Wortley

Evil music specialist. Proud beer advocate. Freelance tv trailblazer. Hipster-friendly pop culture evangelist. Proud coffee aficionado. Award-winning entrepreneur.

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